Has neoliberal globalisation contributed to growing levels of nationalism across Europe?
Keywords:nationalism, neoliberal globalisation, populism, Italy, France, Germany
ESAANZ ESSAY PRIZE WINNER
This paper addresses the contribution of neoliberal globalisation to the growing popularity and prevalence of nationalist movements in the past decade. The world has seen rising levels of populism and nationalism in recent years and Europe is no exception. Several European member states have seen parties of the far- right move from the outskirts of the political spectrum to the mainstream and into positions of leadership. To highlight the nationalist response to neoliberal conditions three emergent movements in founding EU member states will be analysed in detail: France’s Rassemblement National (RN), Italy’s Lega Nord (LN) and Movimento 5 Stelle (5SM) and Germany’s Alternative für Deutschland (AfD). This paper will argue that the conditions of neoliberal globalisation have contributed to the rise and prominence of nationalist movements in Europe.
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