Promoting family protective factors in working with low-income families
Using a strengths-based perspective of social work, this article discusses family protective factors in working with low-income families in Mongolia. Based on an overview of international and national studies on family protective factors, the authors used cross-sectional primary data from 256 social workers and welfare officers of Khoroo (an administrative subdivision of Ulaanbaatar) and secondary data from a nationwide survey of 3,000 households. The research found that the most important protective factors were the happiness of the parental relationship, maternal warmth toward the child(ren) and the quality of the child-rearing conditions. On the other hand, for poorer families, the most important factors were being healthy and safe and living in peaceful stable family. The article also explores formal and informal family support systems that are available to poor or lower income families, based on data from their sources of income. Family strengths, resources and protective factors are discussed, along with family risk factors. The article finds that evidence-based family support services are recommended and necessary when working with disadvantaged families in the Mongolian context.
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