Citizen Groups in Mongolia – possibilities and barriers


  • Batkhishig Adilbish National University of Mongolia
  • Bayartsetseg Terbish National University of Mongolia
  • Oyuntsetseg Dugarsuren National University of Mongolia
  • Burenjargal Tegshee National University of Mongolia
  • Oyunkhand Shagdar National University of Mongolia


Mongolia, Citizens Groups, Social capital, Social Work, Women


Citizen Groups, almost exclusively comprising women, are emerging in ger district, an intriguing mix of the nomadic culture and rapid urbanization with significant social challenges. Current knowledge and policy to support citizen-led initiatives is limited in Mongolia. except for those successful examples of micro-financing and micro enterprising in Southern and South East Asian countries. In Mongolia government policies and funding schemes lack mechanisms to financially support groups like CGs.This paper draws on insights from research with three Citizens Groups seeking to build social and economic opportunities for ger residents through collaborative partnerships with governments, NGOs and the business. The paper argues that whilst Citizens Groups create bonding and bridging social capital that reduce the social, economic, and environmental vulnerability of ger residents their capacity to mobilise linking social capital remains tenuous. Citizens Groups remain institutionally weak, and this paper calls for greater recognition and support of their activities.


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Special focus on Women and Children