Agriculture, Pastoralism and Household Economy

R.J Fisher


Vincze   (1980) has discussed the features of economies which he refers to as   'agro-pastoral peasant economies'. The term can usefully be applied to the   economy of Hinganiya and its surrounding villages. It is a peasant economy in   the sense that it is concerned with subsistence, while being oriented towards   markets for the sale of surpluses. It is agro-pastoral because the economy   combines agriculture and herding. This chapter describes agricultural and   pastoral production in Hinganiya. It then goes on to describe subsistence   activities, placing emphasis on the annual work cycles associated with both   agriculture and pastoralism. A major aim is to identify priorities for   production and any points of conflict between the requirements of the various   subsistence activities. 

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