Buddhism without Monks: The Vajrayana Religion of the Newars ofKathmandu
In this paper I give a brief descriptive outline of the main features of a form of Buddhism still practised amongst the Newars of Nepal in which there has been no organized monasticism for at least the last seven hundred years. I do not present the material in order to challenge Conze's statement, for he could defend its validity by maintaining that the Newars are no longer true Buddhists, but rather to examine the main bases of support for such an unusual form of the religion. I hope to establish that whereas orthodox monastic Buddhism is primarily dependent on the support of a powerful minority, the unorthodox non-monastic Buddhism of the Newars is dependent on mass popular support.
The University of Sydney acknowledges that its campuses and facilities sit on the ancestral lands of Aboriginal and
Torres Strait Islander peoples, who have for thousands of generations exchanged knowledge for the benefit of all.