Experiences of Online Learning and Teaching during the Second Phase of COVID-19 Pandemic: A Study of Fijian In-service Teachers of Fiji National University.


  • Fereal Ibrahim Fiji National University
  • Sangeeta Nath Fiji National University
  • Sofia Shireen Ali Fiji National University
  • Naqsheema Shareen Ali Fiji national University


The Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic brought havoc on people’s lives, health, and Education system worldwide. The COVID-19 second wave of the pandemic has placed enormous challenges globally, affecting nearly all countries. In the education field, this cri


The current study investigated the experiences of in-service teachers’ at Fiji National University (FNU) during the second phase of the COVID-19 pandemic. The research aimed to contribute to the evidence base of factors affecting the effectiveness of online learning for in-service teacher education in Fiji and identify strategies for improving student experiences in Fiji and similar contexts. The study involved an online questionnaire administered to 97 in-service teachers at FNU and a follow-up one-on-one interview with six questionnaire participants. The paper is structured into three sections: discussion of the findings of the forms of online learning modes adopted by the Fijian in-service teachers and the experiences of in-service teachers online learning during the COVID-19 pandemic; outline of the challenges faced by the in-service teachers in adapting to the online learning process during the COVID-19 pandemic. The main findings indicate that the FNU in-service teachers faced challenges in transitioning from face-to-face to online instruction, but, for at least some, the transition also brought benefits. The four main challenges included poor connectivity issues, unavailability of devices, inadequate technological skills and multiple roles. The benefits of online learning comprised improving students’ technical skills, upskilling education, staying connected during tough times, saving money and time, flexibility and convenience. The study reveals that adaptation should focus on improving the courses and accommodating the digital gap among in-service teachers by providing mobile-friendly, synchronous and asynchronous activities.

Author Biographies

Fereal Ibrahim, Fiji National University

Fereal Ibrahim, a lecturer at Fiji National University. Fiji National University , College of Humanities and Education, School of Education, Department of Primary and Early Child hood Education.Currently completing her PhD from Fiji National University.

Sangeeta Nath, Fiji National University

Sangeeeta Nath an assistant lecturer at Fiji National University , College of Humanities and Education, School of Education,Department of Secondary and Sports Education.Currently doing her PhD from University of Canterbury.

Sofia Shireen Ali, Fiji National University

Assistant Professor in Education

Head Of Deaprtment Primary and ECE. College of Humanities and Education, School of Education, Department of Primary and Early Child hood Education.

Naqsheema Shareen Ali, Fiji national University

Naqsheema Ali is an Assistant Instructor at Fiji National University ,College of Business , Hospitality and Tourism.Deaprtment of Office administration and Library Information system.