A framework for categorising mobile applications in mathematics education


  • Boris Handal The University of Notre Dame Australia
  • Joe El-Khoury Saint Aloysius College
  • Chris Campbell The University of Queenland
  • Michael Cavanagh Macquarie University


New learning technologies have brought fresh challenges to teachers in selecting appropriate educational resources, particularly in regards to mobile devices. There are an impressive number of educational mobile learning applications, more commonly known as apps, that teachers need to understand before integrating them into the classroom. To make this process more effective, educational apps can be categorised on their specific role in the teaching and learning of mathematics along with their media richness. A framework of nine distinct categories of apps emerged, grouped into three main clusters, namely, investigative, productivity and instructive tools. The framework was validated with examples from a K-12 context.

Author Biographies

Boris Handal, The University of Notre Dame Australia

Associate Professor in ICT at the School of Education

Joe El-Khoury, Saint Aloysius College

Saint Aloysius College, Milsons Point NSW 2061, Australia

Chris Campbell, The University of Queenland

Lecturer in ICT in Education Faculty of Education

Michael Cavanagh, Macquarie University

Senior Lecturer in Mathematics Education Faculty of Education