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Author Guidelines

Instructions for Authors

The Journal welcomes manuscripts of between 4,000 and 6000 words (inclusive of references) from research areas devoted to post-war European affairs.

Articles submitted to the Journal should not have been published elsewhere nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Submission of a paper will be held to imply that it contains original unpublished work and is not being submitted for publication elsewhere. Submission of a paper also implies that, upon acceptance of an article by the journal, the author(s) will transfer copyright of the article to the publisher. It is understood that submission of the paper for publication has been approved by all of the authors.

Manuscripts should be carefully checked by the author(s) for errors before they are submitted. It is authors’ responsibility to ensure the accuracy of quotations and references, and to get permissions to cite another person’s work (where necessary).

Articles will be peer reviewed and if accepted, final pre-publication proofs will be forwarded to author(s) for verification and checking. Alterations and/or additions will not generally be accepted at this stage.

Submission Guidelines:

Where possible, authors should prepare their manuscript using Microsoft Word, Times New Roman, 12 point font. Manuscripts spacing should be 1.5 lines.

Headings should appear in bold on a separate line but otherwise use the same formatting as the text. Paragraphs should be separated by a blank line, be left aligned and NOT indented. Long quotations should be indented.

An abstract of no more than 150 words should be included at the beginning of the article, followed by at least four (4) key words arranged in alphabetical order. 

Tables and graphs:

All diagrams, charts and graphs should be referred to as figures and consecutively numbered. Tables should be kept to a minimum and contain only essential data. Each figure and table must be given an Arabic numeral, followed by a heading, and be referred to in the text. All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.


  • Spell out a number or a year if it begins a sentence (e.g. ‘Nineteen eighty-four was a significant year for…’)
  • Spell numbers from one to nine, then 10, 1000, 10,000 etc unless there is a decimal point or a fraction (e.g. 2.5, 21⁄2), or where they refer to page numbers or are part of numerical sets where there are numbers higher than nine (e.g. 3, 9, 27)
  • Express all percentages as figures followed by %, i.e. 12.4%
  • Dates should be written in the following way: 1 May 2003
  • Periods of time should be written as follows:
  • 1970s (not 1970’s)
  • 1972-73 (not 1972-1973 or 1972-3)
  • 1999-2000


Full stops are not required in the following circumstances:

  • Acronyms (e.g. WTO, UNCTAD, SA)
  • Initialisms (e.g. USA, NSW)
  • Contractions (e.g. Qld)
  • For titles such as Dr, Ms, Mr
  • After three points of ellipsis


Australian and New Zealand Journal of European Studies prefers UK-English, i.e. –ise rather than –ize endings; –isation rather than –ization, All non-English words should be presented in italics unless they are commonly used and appear in English dictionary (e.g., ad hoc).


The Australian and New Zealand Journal of European Studies prefers the usage of the American Psychological Association (APA) 7th edition as per the examples shown below. APA style does NOT use footnotes for source referencing.


In-text citations

APA is an author–date citation system. Brief in-text citations are linked to a full reference list entry at the end of the of the paper. The in-text citation identifies a work by its author and date of publication which is expanded in the alphabetical reference list at the end of the paper.

An in-text citation typically consists of:

  • author surname(s) followed by the year of publication of the work
  • page or paragraph numbers for direct quotes (Weston, 1988, p. 45). When paraphrasing, page numbers are usually not included but can be if desired.
  • If no page numbers are available, ensure the reader is able to locate the quotation in a different way (e.g. paragraph number)
    • If a sentence ends with a citation, make sure the full stop is placed after the reference.

Reference list—typical examples


Elements: Author. (date). Title. Publisher. [If required/available: (no. of edition) in brackets after title. Doi/URL as the last element of the entry.]

Davies, N. (1996). Europe. A history. Oxford University Press.

Sniderman, P., & Hagendoorn, L. (2007). When ways of life collide: Multiculturalism and its discontents in the Netherlands. Princeton University Press.

Chapter or other part of an edited book

Behrends, J. (2004). Exporting the Leader: The Stalin cult in Poland and East Germany (1944/45-56). In Apor, B., Behrends, J., Jones, P., & Rees, E.A (Eds.). The leader cult in communist dictatorships: Stalin and the Eastern Bloc (pp. 161-178). Palgrave Macmillan. [If required/available: no. of edition preceding page range in the same set of brackets, separated by comma; Doi/URL as the last element of the entry.]

Journal articles

Use a DOI (Digital Object Identifier) if available. A DOI forms a permanent URL that begins This URL is preferable to the URL in the browser’s address bar.

Cepl, V. (1997). The transformation of hearts and minds in Eastern Europe. CATO Journal, 17(2).

Hooghe, L., & Marks, G. (2009). A postfunctionalist theory of European integration: From permissive consensus to constraining dissensus. British Journal of Political Science, 39(1), 1-23.

For an expanded list of examples, please see ANZJES APA Style Elements (7th edition). Examples include:

  • Author name(s)—general
  • Whole authored book
  • Whole edited book
  • Chapter in an edited book
  • Journal Article
  • Newspaper Article
  • Reports—Group authors
  • Reports individual author(s)
  • Fact Sheet References
  • Press Release References
  • Webpage on a news website
  • Webpage on a website with an individual author
  • Webpage on a website with a retrieval date
  • Whole Website References
  • Format of DOIs and URLs
  • Links to basic guides on APA website


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  2. The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, RTF, or WordPerfect document file format.
  3. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  6. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Submission of a paper implies that, upon acceptance of an article by the journal, the author(s) will transfer copyright of the article to the publisher.


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